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How to Become a Professional Guitarist & Musician
Part 2
~ Facts and Myths
by Tom Hess

To get the most out of this article, it is critical that you read Part 1 to this series before reading on…

…There are few things more tragic than a person who has invested all of himself/herself into a life-long dream (such as pursuing a big professional music career) only to fail because of a single bad choice or a single important, but overlooked or underestimated, fact. Sadly it happens all the time.

Imagine investing tens of thousands of hours over many years, studying hard, learning as much as you can, to hone in on all the various musical skills you’ve developed, striving for excellence in everything that you do, strengthening your creativity, investing piles of money on everything from music gear to your music education (lessons, classes, etc.). Then doing all the necessary non-musical things to position oneself in the music industry such as, making key contacts, developing a fan base, promotion, etc. Now imagine that a single, overlooked or underestimated, element was missing. Or maybe a fatal mistake was made inadvertently on your part. Something that seemed so insignificant actually caused you to be seen as “undesirable” or “high risk” in the eyes of record companies, managers, producers or publishers.

From our (us musicians) frame of reference, what appears to be common sense or sound logic to us, may not be congruent with the common sense or sound logic from the music industry’s (record companies, managers, publishers, producers, etc.) frame of reference. I’m referring to the risks that companies have in investing in people as described in Part 1 of this article.

As an example, I have a friend (who shall remain anonymous in order to not embarrass him or his band), who is extremely talented and one of the best musicians I know. His band, singer and music are all truly world class. The songs are built upon wonderful musical and lyrical depth and integrity. Yet their sound is accessible enough to the common person to be on rock radio stations around the world. The band is highly motivated, has an amazing work ethic, and possesses almost everything to be a mega huge band.

On several occasions I’ve offered words of advice on how the band could be seen as significantly more valuable to the record companies and managers they were in negotiations with over the last couple of years. I offered to help not only because the leader of the band is my friend, but because I know the band has enormous potential and a real chance of fulfilling their stated goals.

There was no need for this band to try to “be in the right place, at the right time” because they have been in the right place, at the right time, many times. They’ve been in close contact with high level record companies and management firms. In general, these key industry people liked the band on both a musical level and a personal one. However, time after time no significant deals were offered by any of the people or companies they had been talking directly to. What is frustrating for my friend and his band is that these industry people aren’t going to spend any of their time telling the band the truth about why they are not interested in taking the next step with the band. If the perceived problem cannot be fixed easily and quickly, the industry people won’t waste their time even discussing the problem. Instead they’ll stop returning phone calls and emails or give the band some superficial bogus reasons why no deal will be offered. Some of these so-called reasons range from, “our company is not looking to sign any new bands this year”, to “we’re having some legal issues on our end and can’t sign you now”. Of course these statements were obviously untrue and only served to get the band to give up and go away by showing that there is no chance to move forward. It’s just an excuse because if any of that were true, they would never have invested weeks or months into talking to the band before offering a deal.

So what was really happening? Why did the industry people even bother to talk to the band in the first place if they had no real interest in offering them a real opportunity and contracts???

…well... the answer to the second question is that they DID have serious intentions on signing the band. The answer to the first question is the company was doing research on the band. They were testing the people (especially the leaders) of the band. No I’m not talking about doing research on what the band’s songs sound like, the style or their image. Those things were already clearly known from the press kit (the package the band sent to the companies which contained, their CD, photos of the band members, DVD of video footage of the band, website info, their biography, etc,). And it was that press kit (as well as some persistence and lots of emails and phone calls, etc.) that got the company’s attention – all of that happened before the company ever returned the band’s calls and emails to begin talks about working together…

As you can see, getting in front of some key people wasn’t the problem, the band had done this several times on their own. Their consistent problem was that the band could never seem to close the deal. Every time industry people probed deeper and researched more about the band, there was something that kept coming up in each case that killed the deal. To the band, it was not only extremely frustrating to go through this over and over again, but the worst part was they weren’t ever given the whole story from the record companies and managers about what the problem was.

The record company people were also frustrated because they had found yet another great band with great potential but here was another band that didn’t have the “complete package” together. And what is worse is that during such times, the record companies were losing thousands of dollars and human resources by investing the initial series of talks, meetings (flying people around the country to make the meetings happen) and on some preproduction work.

What was frustrating to me was to see this great band suffer like this. We had several conversations about what I believed was holding the band’s opportunities back. Yet he (my friend) didn’t seem to believe in what I was advising him to do and change. Instead he went back home wrote new songs that he thought might be a bit more radio friendly, then rewrote them again to make them heavier, then rewrote them again to make them less progressive. Focusing on the band’s sound (which was never the problem). In the end, none of that mattered since the songs (in all their various versions) were truly great marketable songs.

What the record companies and managers were really looking for when talking to the band is a long list of things that make up a complete package. The fundamentals of that longer list was:

1. The level of Overall Potential Value related to both the band as a whole, AND in all of its individual members.

2. The amount of Manageable Risk associated in investing in the band’s short and long-term career, AND in each of its individual members.

3. The Quantity and Quality of Existing Physical Proof regarding the above 2 items.

As already stated, the complete list is much longer, but the essence of those items lies in the main three points above. What I’ve written here is a broad generalization (and somewhat of an oversimplification) of the situations regarding this band and in how the music industry works in dealing with brand new artists in the present day. What is important to notice here is the industry’s focus on what values, risks and proof are related to the musicians “as people”. After so many years of doing all the right things, in terms of musical elements and self promotion, where the band continued to fall short was in areas that its leaders overlooked in the beginning, and then underestimated later, after repeated conversations about these issues.

There are several reasons why I have chosen not to go into the specific details about what (I think) the band was doing wrong. Here are the main reasons:

1. Out of personal respect for the band, I want to keep the people’s names anonymous. Two major things the band was doing “wrong” could easily reveal the identity of the band. It wasn’t anything illegal or immoral, but they are aspects of things they continue to do to this day. My intentions are neither to promote nor hurt the band’s image in the article.

2. Some of what they do is centered around the individuals in the band and those things can only be unique to these people, other bands would not have the same type of issues as this band does, so some aspects I didn’t write about are not relevant to the vast majority of other unsigned bands… if it won’t be relevant then there seemed no point to discuss these specifics in the article.

Ok, now onto some things I can discuss… (these are common within bands). This band had some problems that many good bands also have.

Although there was a founding member of the band who was the primary composer and labeled “the leader”, there were significant power struggles within the band’s members. Band politics are very common (especially when a band sees big opportunities), people sometimes become greedy and do things to “position themselves” within the band to gain more power in the band and also in negotiating with record companies. As an example, some people in the band wanted more royalty rights and felt the leader of the band was not being fair. The leader’s position was, “hey I wrote most of the songs, therefore I deserve most of the publishing rights, I’m not going to give that up! That’s potential money that I earned!” Then you have a singer who says, “yeah well if it wasn’t for my voice, we wouldn’t even be here in this meeting!”

It’s one thing to have differences in a band (its going to happen as the band grows), but it doesn’t help when the industry people see that. When a power struggle blows out of control, that says “THIS BAND, AS A BAND, IS A BIG RISK, if they are having these types of major fights amongst themselves now, we definitely are not going to put them on tour and stick these 5 people on a tour bus for 3 months!” and without a tour, records don’t sell as well.

This wasn’t the bands biggest problem, but it was an issue that HAD to be resolved before their “potential” big shot manager was going to invest in their careers. At least one record company (and probably all of the others they talked to) and the manager was prepared to offer deals to the “individuals” but not the band as a whole. They could see who was of most value in the band and who represented the most risk. But due to the unique nature of this band, that wasn’t really possible (this falls under both items 1 and 2 above). The singer and the writer (my friend) were the most valuable people in this case, but strangely, their value “apart from each other” was much less than it was as a team and the industry people clearly knew that. The other members could have been replaced if needed, but primary issues were centered around the main two people.

In my opinion, the band’s biggest downfall was in not understanding (or willing to change their mind’s about) how the industry works - about risks, about investments, about business, about perceptions, about power, (about their image off the stage!), about how the game is played and why things in the industry are as they are. The people in this band wouldn’t listen to sincere and good advice or change their ideas. This is because all of them (the entire band) were idealists when it came to business. This means, they were focused only on how they thought the music industry should be and not on how it actually is. Musicians typically think that the industry’s role should fulfill some sort of “lets support the musicians and the music” idea. But that is not the primary role of the industry. Like it or not, this is a business. People who run music businesses are no different than the people who run Wal-Mart, Coca-Cola, or General Motors. This is music BUSINESS. People in the industry are here to make money. The VAST majority of industry companies are not here to support your, my, or anyone else’s musical vision (unless they are going to make tons of money on it). This is neither good or bad, it is simply reality.

Being an idealist, as a musician, is a great thing in my opinion. And when we are discussing music I’m a total idealist (as many of you probably are). If you want to remain TRULY idealist, then you might seriously consider investing your own money and making, recording, releasing and promoting your own records on your own. (this is the path I choose with the HESS band. We sell records around the world, but I did it on my own, by myself, with all of my own resources).

But if you don’t want to do that (which is ok), then you are seeking music business companies to do it for you and pay for it all with their own money and resources. (This is how it is done with my other band, HolyHell). But unless you can command MASSIVE power (that means you have already sold a million records or more) then you usually cannot have your cake and eat it too. My friend, and the rest of his band, wanted to have their cake and eat it too. And now they are simply without cake…. Hungry…

The main points of my original article wasn’t to speak of individual examples of things that went wrong with this band, it was to illustrate a much broader and more important idea which I began in part 1 of this article series. Sure, seeing the examples I just wrote about here, may be helpful, but its value is limited (I only choose to invest my time in this response because so many people had the same problem with the article and it seemed reasonable that I should address your concerns). Someone reading this might say, “ok good, now I know to beware of power struggles and resolve them BEFORE we sit down to talk to industry people. – I’m good to go now.”

Focusing on the “examples” would be a mistake. Focusing on the general principals of the much bigger picture offered in my articles is where all the real potential value lies.

People in general, and musicians in particular, have a habit of focusing on what to do to “make it”. People often neglect to focus equally on what not to do to “make it”… And that was the source (in my opinion) of the band’s problems. They did all the “right things”. But neglected to address the “other things” that were making them a higher risk to the industry. Focusing on both sides of the equation (what to do and what ”not” to do) is so important, and that is reason why we spend so much time and effort to correct this in the Music Careers Mentoring Program.

For more information on this topic check out these following resources:

Tom’s other music career development articles:
How to Become a Professional Guitarist & Musician ~ Facts and Myths Part 1
“Take the Test”
And the Music Careers Mentoring Program

All rights reserved @2006 Tom Hess
Used By Permission

About Tom Hess

Tom HessTom Hess is a touring musician, composer and the guitar player for the metal band Rhapsody Of Fire. He also teaches guitar players from around the world via online correspondence guitar lessons. Visit were you can find free video guitar lessons, free guitar playing resources and more guitar articles.

Guitar Lessons and Articles by Tom Hess on

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How to Become a Professional Guitarist & Musician: Part 1
How to Become a Professional Guitarist & Musician: Part 2
How to Become a Professional Guitarist & Musician: Part 3
How to Become a Professional Guitarist & Musician: Part 4
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For Love or Money
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The Pursuit of the Record Deal
How to Make the Right Contacts in the Music Industry
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Top 10 Mistakes People Make When Trying To Become Professional Musicians
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An Analysis of Effective Guitar Practice - Part 1
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