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Intervals



Intervals

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An interval in music is a measurement of distance and sound between two different notes. The first thing that you should understand in your interval journey is what the intervals are within a major scale. Remember that the major scale is a constant in music theory. You will be using it again and again to compare and relate other topics in theory.

 

Below are the intervals in a C major scale

the red numbers are the degrees of the major scale

The scale form to the right is the most common and basic fingering for a 2 octave major scale. It will be used to help visualize the basic interval shapes. Play the first 8 notes in the scale. These will be the notes that you will use below

see scale primer for how to read this chart

From the 1st degree of the scale to the 2nd is called a major 2nd.

From the 1st degree of the scale to the 3rd is called a major 3rd.
From the 1st degree of the scale to the 4th is called a perfect 4th.
From the 1st degree of the scale to the 5th is called a perfect 5th.

Guitar Bob says:
Wait cyberfret dude! why isn't the 1st to the 4th called a major 4th and the 1st to the 5th called a major 5th like the others.

Well Bob, that has to do with the physics and mathematical relationship of those 2 notes. Even though it is kind of avoiding your question...Just accept that they are called a perfect 4th and perfect 5th at the moment. If you really get into the acoustics of music you shall learn this secret of music theory.

From the 1st degree of the scale to the 6th is called a major 6th
From the 1st degree of the scale to the 7th is called a major 7th
From the 1st degree of the scale to the 8th is called a perfect 8th or and octave.

 

Page 2, Filling in the cracks...the rest of the intervals






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